‘The Torcal of Antequera’ Natural Landscape

From our rural house you can visit the Natural Landscape of El Torcal that is characterized by the impressive Karstic landscape. Its formation is due to a process that has lasted several hundred million years. For this we will have to go back some 200 million years, when much of Europe and the Middle East were submerged under the sea of Tethys. Then a process of carbonated sedimentation begins, originated by the accumulation and deposition of skeletons, shells and shells of marine animals on the seabed that will last about 175 million years. These sediments have been accumulating and compacting at different levels, forming the horizontal layers of thicknesses of thousands of meters.

Towards the middle Miocene, as a consequence of the push between the Iberian plates to the north of the Sea of Tethys and the African one to the south, the accumulated sediments are compressed, deformed and fractured until they emerge in a slow and continuous process that still remains. Once the relief emerged, the prolonged action of meteorological agents such as water, ice and wind on the limestone, modelled the spectacular karstic landscape of El Torcal de Antequera.